สภาผู้ส่งสินค้าทางเรือแห่งประเทศไทย (สภาผู้ส่งออก)
Thai National Shippers’ Council
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ความหมายและคำศัพท์
คำศัพท์
ความหมาย
 
Insurance with Average-clauseThis type of clause covers merchandise if the damage amounts to three percent or more of the insured value of the package or cargo. If the vessel burns, sinks, collides, or sinks, all losses are fully covered. In marine insurance, the word average describes partial damage or partial loss.
Insurance, All-riskThis type of insurance offers the shipper the broadest coverage available, covering against all losses that may occur in transit.
Insurance, General-AverageIn water transportation, the deliberate sacrifice of cargo to make the vessel safe for the remaining cargo. Those sharing in the spared cargo proportionately cover the loss.
Interchange PointA location where one carrier delivers freight to another carrier.
IntercoastalWater service between two coasts; in the U.S., this usually refers to water service between the Atlantic and Pacific or Gulf Coasts.
Interline FreightFreight moving from origin to destination over the Freight lines of two or more transportation carriers.
Intermediate PointA point located en route between two other points.
IntermodalUsed to denote movements of cargo containers interchangeably between transport modes, i.e., motor, water, and air carriers, and where the equipment is compatible within the multiple systems.
InvoiceAn itemized list of goods shipped to a buyer, stating quantities, prices, shipping charges, etc.
Inward Foreign Manifest (IFM)A complete listing of all cargo entering the country of discharge. Required at all world ports and is the primary source of cargo control, against which duty is assessed by the receiving country.

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